BAM: Benzene Problem Solved

Benzene solved

Welcome back to our discussion on anaerobicBTEX degradation! Today, we’re delving deeper into the process of benzene degradation.

During the process of BTEX degradation, we can find an important enzyme that operates even in the absence of oxygen: bamA, which makes it possible to transform the benzene ring into a linear molecule, ultimately yielding Acetyl-Coenzyme-A which is a harmless molecule normally present in the cell.

Benzene, along with other BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene) compounds, follows diverse pathways through degradation, each controlled by specific enzymes and reactions, converging on a pivotal intermediate: benzoyl-CoA. This intermediate undergoes further transformations until it’s processed by bamA, which linearizes the molecule.

The bamA gene is distributed throughout the environment, thriving under diverse conditions and across species. It is a common player in the degradation of aromatic compounds and BTEX, making it an intriguing candidate for biomarker exploration in benzene degradation studies.

At Orvion, we investigate for the presence of bamA gene in BTEX contaminated environments to have an indication of the possibility and extent of biodegradation, and design bioremediation plans accordingly.

Want to know more about ways of degrading benzene and other toxic compounds?
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